Precision Strip & Wire Stainless Steel Grades - Precision Metals EU
Austenitic

Stainless Steels

1.4310 / 301 / S 30100

1.4310 / 302 / S 302S26

1.4301 / 304 / S 30400

1.4307 / 304L / S 30403

1.4303 / 305 / S 30500

1.4401 / 1.4436 / 316 / S 31600

1.4404 / 1.4432 / 316L / S 31603

1.4571 / 316Ti / 320 / S 31635

1.4541 / 321 / S 32100

1.4539 / 904L / N 08904

2.4660 / ALLOY 20 / N08020

Nitronic® 32 Alloy (XM-28) / S24100

1.3964 / Nitronic® 50 (XM-19) / S 20910

1.4547 / 254 SMO® / S 31254

AL6XN / N08367

1.4529 / Incoloy® 25-6MO Alloy / N08926

1.4833 / 309 / S 30908

1.4845 / 310/ 310S / S 31008

1.4113 / 434 / S 43400

1.4016 / 430 / S 43000

1.4512 / 409 / S 40900

1.4006/ 410S / S 41008

1.4016 / 430L

1.4510 / 430Ti (439)

1.4509 / 441 / S 44100

1.4521 / 444 / S 44400

1.4006 / 410 / S 41000

1.4028 / 420 / S 42000

1.4057 / 431 / S43100

1.4122

1.4542 / 17-4PH

1.4568 / 17-7 PH / S17700

1.4062 / 2202 / S 32202

1.4462 / 2205 / S 32205

1.4362 / 2304 / S 32304

1.4410 / 2507 / S 32750

1.4662 / (LDX) 2404 / S 82441

1.4162 / (LDX) 2101 / S 32101

Stainless steel alloys are the primary choice for many manufacturers due to its versatility, with high strength, good formability and outstanding corrosion and oxidation resistance. There are wide range of Stainless Steel alloys for manufacturers to choose from, depending on application and end use requirements, so it is beneficial to understand the difference between grades.

All stainless steel grades must contain chromium offering outstanding corrosion and oxidation resistance. The addition of chromium helps to form the complex oxide surface which gives Stainless Steel its protective corrosion resistance. However, some stainless steel grades can equally possess other exceptional properties owing to variations in their composition. These subtle composition changes created by using different alloying elements, alter the microstructures within the material resulting in a wide range of versatile mechanical properties. While there are many precision alloys for manufacturers to choose from, stainless steel alloys form one of the largest groups of materials, therefore it is beneficial to categorise them by microstructure.

Commercial forms of stainless steel can be grouped into five main groups: Austenitics, Ferritics, Martensitic, Duplex and Precipitating Hardening (PH).

Though Austentics are the most popular grade, the Knight Group supplies all five types of Precision Stainless Steel Alloys: Austenitics, Ferritics, Martensitic, Duplex and Precipitating Hardening (PH) in a wide range of forms.

MaterialGrades SuppliedMain featuresAdvantagesDisadvantages
Austenitics301 302 304L 304 305 320 321 347 Alloy 20 Nitronic® 32 Nitronic® 50 (XM-19) 316 316L 316Ti 904LNon magnetic*/ Low Carbon / Main alloying element is chromium typically 16-20% / Nickel typically 7-13%Strengthens significantly during cold working / Good weldability / High strength and ductilityCannot be hardened by heat treatment / Low stress corrosion cracking resistance
Heat Resisting Austenitcs309 310 310SNon magnetic*/ Low Carbon / Main alloying element is chromium typically 16-20% / Nickel typically 7-13%Strengthens significantly during cold working / Good weldability / High strength and ductilityCannot be hardened by heat treatment / Low stress corrosion cracking resistance
Super Austenitics254 SMO® (1.4547) AL6XN Incoloy® 25-6MO Alloy (1.4529)Non magnetic*/ Low Carbon / Main alloying element is chromium typically 16-20% / Nickel typically 10.5-17%Strengthens significantly during cold working / Good weldability / High strength and ductilityCannot be hardened by heat treatment / Low stress corrosion cracking resistance
Ferritics409 410S 430 430L 430Ti (439) 441 444Non magnetic*/ Low Carbon / Main alloying element is chromium typically 16-20% / Nickel typically 7-13%Good formability / Low cost / Good stress corrosion cracking resistance / Moderate ductilityLimited corrosion resistance / Cannot be hardened by heat treatment
Martensitics410 420 431Can be magnetic or non magnetic / Low Carbon / Main alloying element is chromium typically 12 to 15% molybdenum (0.2-1%)Hardened by quenching and tempered to give improved toughness and ductilityLess resistant to corrosion compared to Austenitic and Ferritic grades / Limited formability and welding capabilities
Precipitation hardening17/4PH 17/7PHContains Aluminium or CopperHigh work hardening rates / Very high strengths / Better corrosion resistance compared to martensiticsLimited availability / Lower corrosion resistance formability and weldability compared to austenitics
Duplex22022205 2304 2304 2507 (LDX) 2404 (LDX) 2101Magnetic / Low Carbon / Combined Austenitic-Ferritic structure / Chromium typically 21-26% / Nickel typically 3.5-6.5%Superior tensile strength in annealed condition / Good corrosion and pitting resistance / Lighter weight / Lower cost due to lower nickel contentCannot be hardened by heat treatment but offers higher annealed strength levels than Ferritic or Austenitic grades / Restricted application temperature range when compared to Austenitics

* cold working of the less alloyed grades will induce structural changes leading to increased levels of magnetism.

**Super Austenitics, Super Ferritic and Super Duplexes are available by request

Stainless Steel Material Chemical Composition
European Designation EN 10088-2 2014Former BS Standard (Wire Only)American Designation (ASTM)TYPICAL CHEMICAL COMPOSITION %
NumberNameBS 1554 1990 nearest fitAISI nearest fitUNS nearest fitCSiMnPSCrMoNiNCuOther
AUSTENITICS
1.4310X10CrNi18-8-301S 301000.05 - 0.151.00 - 2.002.00.0450.015 - 0.03016.00 - 19.000.86.0 - 9.50.10--
1.4310X10 Cr Ni 18-8302S26302S 301000.05 – 0.152.02.00.0450.01516.00 – 19.00-6.00 – 9.500.11-
1.4301X5 Cr Ni 18-10304S31304S 304000.071.02.00.0450.01517.5 - 19.5-8.0 - 10.50.10--
1.4307X2 Cr Ni 18-9304S11304LS 304030.031.02.00.0450.01517.5 - 19.5-8.0 - 10.50.10--
1.4303X4 Cr Ni 18-12-305S 305000.061.02.00.0450.01517.0 - 19.0-11.0 - 13.00.10--
1.4401X5 Cr Ni Mo 17-12-2316S42316S316000.071.02.00.0450.01516.5 - 18.52.0 - 2.5Strip: 10.5 - 13.5 Wire: 10.0 – 13.0Strip: 0.10 Wire: 0.11--
1.4436X3 Cr Ni Mo17-13-3-316S316000.051.02.00.0450.01516.5 - 18.52.5 - 3.010.5 - 13.00.10--
1.4404X2 Cr Ni Mo 17-12-2316S14316LS 316030.031.02.00.0450.01516.5 - 18.52.0 - 2.510.0 - 13.0Strip: 0.10 Wire: 0.11--
1.4432X2 Cr Ni Mo 17-12-3-316LS 316030.031.02.00.0450.01516.5 - 18.52.5 - 3.010.5 - 13.00.10--
1.4571X6 Cr Ni Mo Ti 17-12-2-316TiS 316350.081.02.00.0450.01516.5 - 18.52.0 - 2.510.5 - 13.5--Ti 5 x C to max 0.7
1.4541X6 Cr Ni Ti 18-10321S31321S 321000.081.02.00.0450.01517.0 - 19.0-9.0 - 12.0--Ti 5 x C to max 0.7
1.4550X6 Cr Ni Nb 18-10-347S 347000.081.02.00.0450.01517.0 - 19.0-9.0 - 12.0--Nb (Cb) = 10 x C to max 1.0
1.4539X1 NI Cr Mo Cu 25-20-5-904LN 089040.020.72.00.030.0119.0 - 21.04.0 - 5.024.0 - 26.00.151.2 - 2.0-
2.466 (ASTM B463-10 (2016))NiCr20CuMo-Alloy 20N080200.071.02.00.0450.03519.00 - 21.002.00 - 3.0032.00 - 38.00-3.00 - 4.00Nb+Ta: 8 x carbon - 1.00 Fe: balance
---Nitronic® 32 Alloy (XM-28)S241000.150.0311.0 -14.00.060.0316.50 – 19.0-0.50 – 2.500.20 – 0.45-Fe: Balance
1.3964--Nitronic® 50 (XM-19)S209100.061.04.0 – 6.00.040.0320.5 – 23.51.5 – 3.011.5 – 13.5--V: 0.1 – 0.3 Fe: balance
HEAT RESISTING AUSTENITICS
1.4828--309S 309000.080.752.00.0450.0322.00 - 24.00-12.00 - 15.00---
1.4833X12 Cr Ni 23-13-309SS 309080.08 - 0.151.002.00.0450.015 - 0.03022.00 - 24.00-12.00 - 15.000.11--
1.4845X8 Cr Ni 25-21-310/ 310SS 310080.08 - 0.101.502.00.0450.015 - 0.03024.00 - 26.00-19.00 - 22.000.11--
SUPER AUSTENITICS
1.4547X1CrNiMoCuN20–18–7-254 SMO®S312540.020.71.00.030.0119.5 - 20.56.0 - 7.017.5 - 18.50.18 - 0.250.5 - 1.0-
---AL6XNN083670.03 max1.0 max2.0 max0.04 max0.03 max20.0 – 22.06.00 – 7.0023.5. – 25.50.18 – 0.250.75 maxFe: Balance
1.4529--INCOLOY® 25-6MO AlloyN089260.020.52.00.030.0119.0 – 21.06.0 – 7.024.0 – 26.00.15 – 0.250.5 – 1.5Fe: Balance
FERRITICS
1.4512X2CrTi12-409S 409000.031.01.00.040.01510.5 - 12.5----Ti (6x (C+N)) to 0.65
1.4006X12Cr13-410SS 410080.08 - 0.151.01.50.040.01511.5 - 13.5-0.75---
1.4016X6 Cr 17430S17430S 430000.081.01.00.040.01516.0 - 18.0-----
1.4016X6 Cr 17---0.081.01.00.040.01516.0 - 18.0-----
1.4510X3CrTi17-430Ti / (439)-0.051.01.00.040.01516.0 - 18.0----Ti (4x(C+N) + 0.15) to 0.80
1.4113X6CrMo17-1-434S 434000.081.01.00.040.01516.0 - 18.00.9 - 1.4----
1.4509X2CrTiNb18-441S 441000.031.01.00.040.01517.5 - 18.5----Nb: [3xC+0.30] to 1.0 max Ti: 0.1 - 0.6
1.4521X2CrMoTi18-2-444S 444000.0251.01.00.040.01517.0 - 20.01.8 - 2.5-0.03-Ti (4x(C+N) + 0.15) to 0.80
MARTENSITICS
1.4006X12 Cr 13410S21410S 410000.08 - 0.151.01.50.040.01511.5 - 13.5-0.75---
1.4028X30 Cr 13420S45420S 420000.26 - 0.351.01.50.040.01512.0 - 14.0-----
1.4122X39CrMo17-1---0.33 - 0.451.01.50.040.01515.5 - 17.50.8 - 1.31.0---
PRECIPITATION HARDENING
1.4542X5CrNiCuNb16-4--17-4PH0.070.71.50.040.01515.0 - 17.00.63.0 - 5.0-3.0 - 5.0Nb: 5 x C - 0.45
1.4568X7 Cr Ni Al 17-7301S8163117-7PH0.090.71.00.040.01516.0 - 18.0-6.5 - 7.8Strip: - Wire: 0.015-Al: 0.7 - 1.5
DUPLEX
1.4062--2202S 322020.031.02.00.040.0121.5 - 24.00.451.0 - 2.90.16 - 0.28--
1.4462X2CrNiMoN22–5-3-2205S 322050.031.02.00.0350.01521.0 - 23.02.5 - 354.5 - 6.50.1 - 0.22--
1.4362X2CrNiN23–4-2304S 323040.031.02.00.0350.01522.0 - 24.50.1 - 0.63.5 - 5.50.05 - 0.200.1 - 0.6-
1.4410X2CrNiMoN25–7-4-2507S 327500.031.02.00.0350.01524.0 - 26.03.0 - 4.56.0 - 8.00.24 - 0.35--
1.4662X2CrNiMoN22–5-3-(LDX) 2404S 824410.030.72.5 - 4.00.0350.00523.0 - 25.01.0 - 2.03.0 - 4.50.2 - 0.30.1 - 0.8-
1.4162X2CrMnNiN21–5-1-(LDX) 2101S 321010.041.04.0 - 6.00.040.01521.0 - 22.00.1 - 0.81.35 - 1.900.20 - 0.250.1 - 0.8-
Stainless Steel Mechanical Properties Annealed Stainless Steel
European Designation EN 10088-2 2014Former BS Standard (Wire Only)American Designation (ASTM)Proof Strength 0.2% Min (N/mm2)Tensile StrengthElong. % Min. (50mm Gauge Length)Hardness Max (VPN)Surface Finish
NumberNameBS 1554 1990 nearest fitAISI nearest fitUNS nearest fit
AUSTENITICS
1.4310X10CrNi18-8-301S 30100195500 - 750402422B & 2R
1.4310X10 Cr Ni 18-8302S26302S 30100Not available in strip. Wire products are available
1.4301X5 Cr Ni 18-10304S31304S 30400190500 - 700452262B & 2R
1.4307X2 Cr Ni 18-9304S11304LS 30403175500 - 700452262B & 2R
1.4303X4 Cr Ni 18-12-305S 30500190500 - 700452262B & 2R
1.4401X5 Cr Ni Mo 17-12-2316S42316S31600200500 - 700402262B & 2R
1.4436X3 Cr Ni Mo17-13-3-316S31600200500 - 700402262B & 2R
1.4404X2 Cr Ni Mo 17-12-2316S14316LS 31603200500 - 700402262B & 2R
1.4432X2 Cr Ni Mo 17-12-3-316LS 31603Available on request.402262B & 2R
1.4571X6 Cr Ni Mo Ti 17-12-2-316TiS 31635200500 - 700402262B & 2R
1.4541X6 Cr Ni Ti 18-10321S31321S 32100190500 - 700402262B & 2R
1.4550X6 Cr Ni Nb 18-10-347S 34700205510 - 740402422B & 2R
1.4539X1 NI Cr Mo Cu 25-20-5-904LN 08904230530 - 730352422B & 2R
2.466 (ASTM B463-10 (2016))NiCr20CuMo-Alloy 20N0802024155130200Availble on request
---Nitronic® 32 Alloy (XM-28)S24100Not available in strip. Wire products are available
1.3964--Nitronic® 50 (XM-19)S20910Not available in strip. Wire products are available
HEAT RESISTING AUSTENITICS
1.4828--309S 30900Available on request.
1.4833X12 Cr Ni 23-13-309SS 30908210500 - 700331922B & 2R
1.4845X8 Cr Ni 25-21-310/ 310SS 31008210500 - 700331922B & 2R
SUPER AUSTENITICS
1.4547X1CrNiMoCuN20–18–7-254 SMO®S31254320650 - 85035Availble on requestAvailble on request
---AL6XNN08367Available on request.
1.4529--INCOLOY® 25-6MO AlloyN08926Not available in strip. Wire products are available
FERRITICS
1.4512X2CrTi12-409S 40900210380 - 56025-2B & 2R
1.4006X12Cr13-410SS 41008-600 max202B & 2R
1.4016X6 Cr 17430S17430S 43000260430 - 60020-2B & 2R
1.4016X6 Cr 17--260430 - 60020-2B & 2R
1.4510X3CrTi17-430Ti / (439)230420 - 60023-2B & 2R
1.4113X6CrMo17-1-434S 43400280440 - 660182002B & 2R
1.4509X2CrTiNb18-441S 44100230430 - 63018-2B & 2R
1.4521X2CrMoTi18-2-444S 44400300420 - 64020-2B & 2R
MARTENSITICS
1.4006X12 Cr 13410S21410S 41000450650 - 850152312B & 2R
1.4028X30 Cr 13420S45420S 42000650850 - 1000102582B & 2R
1.4122X39CrMo17-1---Mechanical Data is dependent on temper and thickness. Please get in touch to find out further information.
PRECIPITATION HARDENING
1.4542X5CrNiCuNb16-4--17-4PH700 - 1150900 - 12703 - 63802R
1.4568X7 Cr Ni Al 17-7301S8163117-7PHAvailable on request.max. 850Available on request.2682R
DUPLEX
1.4062--2202S 32202380650 - 900303052B & 2R
1.4462X2CrNiMoN22–5-3-2205S 32205450650 - 880252842B & 2R
1.4362X2CrNiN23–4-2304S 32304400600 - 830252742B & 2R
1.4410X2CrNiMoN25–7-4-2507S 32750530730 - 950253052B & 2R
1.4662X2CrNiMoN22–5-3-(LDX) 2404S 82441450650 - 900253052B & 2R
1.4162X2CrMnNiN21–5-1-(LDX) 2101S 32101400650 - 900253052B & 2R
Stainless Steel Wire Mechanical Properties Annealed Stainless Steel
European Designation EN 10088-2 2014Former BS Standard (Wire Only)American Designation (ASTM)Maximum tensile strength N/mm²
NumberNameBS 1554 1990 nearest fitAISI nearest fitUNS nearest fitWire dia 13.0 – 6.0mmWire dia 6.00 – 1.50mmWire dia 1.50 – 0.50mmWire dia 0.50 – 0.10mm
AUSTENITICS
1.4310X10CrNi18-8-301S 30100Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4310X10 Cr Ni 18-8302S26302S 30100750800880900
1.4301X5 Cr Ni 18-10304S31304S 30400700770820870
1.4307X2 Cr Ni 18-9304S11304LS 30403650750775850
1.4303X4 Cr Ni 18-12-305S 30500Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4401X5 Cr Ni Mo 17-12-2316S42316S31600700770820870
1.4436X3 Cr Ni Mo17-13-3-316S31600Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4404X2 Cr Ni Mo 17-12-2316S14316LS 31603650750775850
1.4432X2 Cr Ni Mo 17-12-3-316LS 31603Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4571X6 Cr Ni Mo Ti 17-12-2-316TiS 31635Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4541X6 Cr Ni Ti 18-10321S31321S 32100700770820870
1.4550X6 Cr Ni Nb 18-10-347S 34700Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4539X1 NI Cr Mo Cu 25-20-5-904LN 08904Not available as wire. Strip products available
2.466 (ASTM B463-10 (2016))NiCr20CuMo-Alloy 20N08020Available on request.
---Nitronic® 32 Alloy (XM-28)S24100Available on request.
1.3964--Nitronic® 50 (XM-19)S20910Available on request.
HEAT RESISTING AUSTENITICS
1.4828--309S 30900Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4833X12 Cr Ni 23-13-309SS 30908Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4845X8 Cr Ni 25-21-310/ 310SS 31008Not available as wire. Strip products available
SUPER AUSTENITICS
1.4547X1CrNiMoCuN20–18–7-254 SMO®S31254Not available as wire. Strip products available
---AL6XNN08367Available on request.
1.4529--INCOLOY® 25-6MO AlloyN08926Available on request.
FERRITICS
1.4512X2CrTi12-409S 40900Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4006X12Cr13-410SS 41008Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4016X6 Cr 17430S17430S 43000610620630650
1.4016X6 Cr 17--Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4510X3CrTi17-430Ti / (439)Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4113X6CrMo17-1-434S 43400Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4509X2CrTiNb18-441S 44100Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4521X2CrMoTi18-2-444S 44400Not available as wire. Strip products available
MARTENSITICS
1.4006X12 Cr 13410S21410S 41000700700750780
1.4028X30 Cr 13420S45420S 42000780780800820
1.4122X39CrMo17-1---Not available as wire. Strip products available
PRECIPITATION HARDENING
1.4542X5CrNiCuNb16-4--17-4PHNot available as wire. Strip products available
1.4568X7 Cr Ni Al 17-7301S8163117-7PHDedicated Table - See Preciptation Hardening Page
DUPLEX
1.4062--2202S 32202Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4462X2CrNiMoN22–5-3-2205S 32205Available on request.
1.4362X2CrNiN23–4-2304S 32304Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4410X2CrNiMoN25–7-4-2507S 32750Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4662X2CrNiMoN22–5-3-(LDX) 2404S 82441Not available as wire. Strip products available
1.4162X2CrMnNiN21–5-1-(LDX) 2101S 32101Not available as wire. Strip products available
Stainless Steel Material Features and Applications
European Designation EN 10088-2 2014Former BS Standard (Wire Only)American Designation (ASTM)Key FeaturesKey MarketsApplications
NumberNameBS 1554 1990 nearest fitAISI nearest fitUNS nearest fit
AUSTENITICS
1.4310X10CrNi18-8-301S 30100An Austenitic Nickel-Chrome alloy with high toughness and corrosion resistance. 301 (1.4310) has lower chromium and nickel content compared to the 304 (1.4301), increasing its work hardening range. In annealed form it is non magnetic, but can develop magnetic properties, high strengths and ductility through cold working. It has good surface brightness, making it useful for decorative applications.Aerospace, Automotive, Chemical Processing, Transport, Springs & Pressings, Decorative Goods, EtchingAircraft Structural Parts, Automotive Parts Including Trims and Wheel Covers Springs, Pressings, Connectors, Gaskets, Watch Parts, Chemically Etched Components, Building Tools, Decorative Purposes, Tableware, Appliances, Computer Components, Stamped Parts
1.4310X10 Cr Ni 18-8302S26302S 30100The lower Chrome and Nickel content of this grade increases the work hardening rate to give high strength and abrasion resistance. However, it is not hardenable by heat treatment. In the annealed condition it is non magnetic, but will slowly become magnetic with cold working. It is particularly suitable for components requiring stretch forming, high strength or good spring properties.Medical, Springs and Pressings, ElectronicsSprings, Clips, Wireforms, Fasteners, Weaving and Braiding, Orthodontic Wires, Electrical Connectors, Washers,
1.4301X5 Cr Ni 18-10304S31304S 30400The most common grade of Stainless Steel due to its versatility. It has a high nickel content to increase strength, hardness and ductility. Its popularity can it part be attributed to this alloy's superior formability, welding and deep drawing properties. A high chromium content also provides excellent corrosion resistance in oxidizing environments and moderate protection in some acidic conditions. High hardness and strength can be achieved through cold working. Although a non-magnetic grade, magnetic properties can arise through cold working.Food, Medical, Automotive, Cryogenic, Springs & Pressings, PharmaceuticalHeat Exchangers, Bellows, Flexible Tube, Pipes, Hinges, Clamps Surgical instruments, Hypodermic Needles, Cryogenic Components, Air Bag Sensors, Domestic Appliances, Gaskets, Kitchen Wares, Springs, Thread Fasteners, Sinks, Computer Components, Battery Cases, Window Spacers, Architectural Panels, Ropes, Weaving, Braiding Springs, Severely Deep Drawn Applications
1.4307X2 Cr Ni 18-9304S11304LS 30403The low Carbon version of 304 (1.4301) is ideal for more corrosive environments with oxidation resistance to a maximum temperature of 899°C (1650°F) without appreciable scaling. It offers greater resistance to intergranular corrosion in welds and moderate pitting corrosion resistance. It has good welding characteristics, though other grades are better suited for applications specifying stress relief.Medical, Automotive, Springs & PressingsSurgical and Medical Parts, Water Tubes for Electric Heaters, Bellows, Pressings, Deep Drawn Parts, Expanded Mesh, Ropes, Weaving, Braiding, Springs for Corrosive Environments.
1.4303X4 Cr Ni 18-12-305S 30500An Austenitic Stainless Steel with good corrosion resistance. It has capability for polishing and electroplating, as well as soldering and welding. It has good cold workability and low rate of work hardening that suits deep drawn applications. It is non magnetic but can become magnetic (at a slow rate) with increasing cold work.Electronics, StationaryElectronic Parts, Deep Drawn Parts, Battery Cases, Pens
1.4401X5 Cr Ni Mo 17-12-2316S42316S31600Molybdenum is added to increase corrosion resistance, with higher resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion in chloride environments than other common austenitic grades. Excellent welding and formability characteristics. Good for applications requiring continuous work in a temperature range of 450°C (842°F) and 850°C (1562°F). Additionally, it has improved non-magnetic properties.Chemical Processing, Petrochemical, Automotive, Marine, FoodBursting Discs, Seals, Bellows, Gaskets, Expansion Joints, Explosion Panels, Tubes, Diaphragms, Heat Exchangers, Coastal Architectural Features, Food and Laboratory Benches, Clips, Threaded Fasteners, Springs, Boat Fittings, Chemical Containers, Weaving, Braiding in Chemical, Petrochemical and Marine applications
1.4436X3 Cr Ni Mo17-13-3-316S31600Molybdenum is added to increase corrosion resistance, with higher resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion in chloride environments than other common austenitic grades. Excellent welding and formability characteristics. Good for applications requiring continuous work in a temperature range of 450°C (842°F) and 850°C (1562°F). Additionally, it has improved non-magnetic properties.Chemical Processing, Petrochemical, Automotive, Marine, FoodBursting Discs, Seals, Bellows, Gaskets, Expansion Joints, Explosion Panels, Tubes, Diaphragms, Heat Exchangers, Coastal Architectural Features, Food and Laboratory Benches, Clips, Threaded Fasteners, Springs, Boat Fittings, Chemical Containers, Weaving, Braiding in Chemical, Petrochemical and Marine applications
1.4404X2 Cr Ni Mo 17-12-2316S14316LS 31603The Low Carbon version of 316 (1.4401), offers better corrosion resistance and is better suited for uses at sensitization temperatures, such as welding, as intergranular corrosion resistance is increased. Slightly more corrosion resistant than 316 (1.4401). More heavily alloyed, this grade has excellent corrosion resistance in Food, Beverage and Agricultural applications.Chemical Processing, Petrochemical, Automotive, Marine, Food, AgriculturalBursting Discs, Seals, Bellows, Gaskets, Expansion Joints, Explosion Panels, Tubes, Diaphragms, Heat Exchangers, Coastal Architectural Features, Food And Laboratory Benches, Threaded Fasteners, Springs, Boat Fittings, Chemical Containers
1.4432X2 Cr Ni Mo 17-12-3-316LS 31603The Low Carbon version of 316 (1.4401), offers better corrosion resistance and is better suited for uses at sensitization temperatures, such as welding, as intergranular corrosion resistance is increased. Slightly more corrosion resistant than 316 (1.4401). More heavily alloyed, this grade has excellent corrosion resistance in Food, Beverage and Agricultural applications.Chemical Processing, Petrochemical, Automotive, Marine, Food, AgriculturalBursting Discs, Seals, Bellows, Gaskets, Expansion Joints, Explosion Panels, Tubes, Diaphragms, Heat Exchangers, Coastal Architectural Features, Food And Laboratory Benches, Threaded Fasteners, Springs, Boat Fittings, Chemical Containers
1.4571X6 Cr Ni Mo Ti 17-12-2-316TiS 31635The Titanium-stabilised version of 316 (1.4401), prevents intergranular corrosion of welded structures by preventing formation of Chromium Carbide. The addition of Titanium offers improved mechanical strength at temperatures above 600°C (1112°F).Chemical Processing, Petrochemical, Marine, FoodBursting Discs, Seals, Bellows, Gaskets, Expansion Joints, Explosion Panels, Tubes, Diaphragms, Heat Exchangers, Coastal Architectural Features, Food And Laboratory Benches, Threaded Fasteners, Springs, Boat Fittings, Chemical Containers
1.4541X6 Cr Ni Ti 18-10321S31321S 32100This alloy benefits from added Titanium to reduce Chromium Carbide precipitation, providing increased protection against intergranular corrosion. This alloy also combines high strength, resistance to scaling and phase stability with resistance to subsequent aqueous corrosion. With excellent welding and forming capabilities, it is particularly useful for parts fabricated by welding that cannot subsequently be annealed and applications in the temperature range of up to 900°C (1652°F).Aerospace, AutomotiveHeating Systems, Welded Tubes, Gaskets, Profile Pipes, Expansion Joints, Seals, Bellows Gaskets, Furnace Parts, Honeycomb Seals, Thermal Insulation, Tube, Flexible Tube, Diaphragms, Aerospace Components, Exhaust Manifolds, Fasteners, Springs, Locking Wires
1.4550X6 Cr Ni Nb 18-10-347S 34700With similar characteristics to alloy 304 (1.4301), the addition of Niobium (Columbium) gives this alloy excellent resistance to intergranular corrosion. This grade is ideally suited where parts are required to operate in service between 426.7°C (800°F) - 871.1°C (1600°F)Aerospace, Automotive Oil & Gas, Paper & PulpAircraft Parts, Expansion Joints, Bellows, Flexible Hoses, Seals, Gaskets And Shims, Thermal Insulation Panels, Distillation, Column Packing, Fasteners, Aircraft Exhaust Stacks, Oil Refinery Equipment, Firewalls, Stack Liners, Heavy Duty Automotive Exhausts, Springs
1.4539X1 NI Cr Mo Cu 25-20-5-904LN 08904This low Carbon Austenitic Stainless Steel is alloyed with Copper to improve resistance in acidic conditions. However the use of more expensive alloying components, Molybdenum and Nickel, it has largely been replaced by lower cost Duplex alloys. 904L (1.4539) is non-magnetic, and offers excellent formability, toughness and weldability.Oil & Gas, Paper & PulpSeals, Gaskets And Shims, Thermal Insulation Panels, Distillation, Column Packing
2.466 (ASTM B463-10 (2016))NiCr20CuMo-Alloy 20N08020Alloy 20 offers excellent corrosion resistance, particularly in acidic environments, including phosphoric, sulfuric, and nitric acids. It can also resist stress corrosion cracking in chloride-rich environments due to alloying additions. It can be fabricated and welded using conventional processes while maintaining its resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion.Chemical Processing, Food Processing, Oil & GasExtraction columns, Heat exchangers, Mixing tanks, Pipes, Pumps, Valves, Food processing equipment, Springs
---Nitronic® 32 Alloy (XM-28)S24100NITRONIC 32® (XM-28) is a low nickel austenitic stainless steel often selected as an alternative to 304 (1.4301) stainless steel when higher strength and comparable corrosion resistance is necessary. The alloy’s high work hardening rate allows for increased strength while maintaining ductility. NITRONIC 32® can be readily hot worked or cold worked, with annealing recommended after severe cold forming.Chemical Processing, Food Processing, Electric Power Distribution, ConstructionWire forms, racks/cages, screens, springs, concrete reinforcement, pole line hardware
1.3964--Nitronic® 50 (XM-19)S20910Nitronic® 50 is a austenitic stainless steel strengthened by nitrogen, offering improved corrosion resistance and higher strength than many other austenitic stainless steel grades. Nitronic® 50 is non-magnetic and unlike some other austenitic grades, does not gain magnetic properties even when cold-worked or at sub-zero temperatures. It is ideal for sea water environments due to good resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion.Marine, Oil & Gas, MedicalSprings, Valves, Marine Hardware, and Boat Shafting
HEAT RESISTING AUSTENITICS
1.4828--309S 30900Alloy 309 (1.4828) is a heat resisting stainless steel grade with excellent resistance to oxidation as well as high tensile and creep strengths at elevated temperatures. It offers higher strenth and corrosion resistance that 304 (1.4301) and its strength and hardness can be increased further by cold working. After cold working, annealing will help to reduce internal stress.Automotive, Aerospace, Energy, Chemical Processing, Cement, Paper and PulpAerospace Engine Parts, Gas Burner Radiators, Electrical Heating Element Tubes, Energy Conversion Plants, Furnace Parts, Heat Exchangers, Automotive Exhausts, Paper Mills, Waste Incinerators
1.4833X12 Cr Ni 23-13-309SS 30908Considered a heat resisting alloy, the low Carbon version of 309 (1.4828), has improved weldability and minimised carbide precipitation. This alloys provides good resistance to oxidation and high-temperature corrosion combined with good mechanical strength at elevated temperatures. However it is not suited for use in highly carburizing environments.Automotive, Aerospace, Energy, Chemical Processing, Cement, Paper and PulpAerospace Engine Parts, Gas Burner Radiators, Electrical Heating Element Tubes, Energy Conversion Plants, Furnace Parts, Heat Exchangers, Automotive Exhausts, Paper Mills
1.4845X8 Cr Ni 25-21-310/ 310SS 31008This alloy is a heat resistant Austenitic Stainless Steel, offering high toughness and superior high-temperature oxidation resistance due to its high Chromium and Nickel content. With excellent toughness to temperatures as low as -267.8°C (-450 °F), this grade has cryogenic applications.Petrochemical Industry, Food Industry, Cryogenic, Power GenerationNuclear Thermal Insulation, Furnaces, Air Heaters, Food Processing Components, Cryogenic Applications
SUPER AUSTENITICS
1.4547X1CrNiMoCuN20–18–7-254 SMO®S31254Often regarded as a cost effective alternative to high nickel content and titanium alloys, 254 SMO® (1.4547) is a high-alloy super-austenitic stainless steel developed for use in seawater and other aggressive chloride-bearing environments. With a combined high molybdenum and nitrogen content alongside low carbon content, this grade offers exceptional resistance to pitting, crevice corrosion stress cracking, and corrosion fatigue uniform corrosion. 254 SMO® (1.4547) possesses strength that is twice that of the 300 series stainless steels.Marine, Chemical Processing, Food Processing, Oil & Gas, Power Generation, PharmaceuticalDesalination Equipment, Saltwater Handling, Flue Gas Desulfurization, Food Processing Equipment, Heat Exchangers, Pulp Mill Bleach Systems, and Oil Distillation
---AL6XNN08367Designed for seawater resistance, this alloy exceeds the performance of conventional duplex stainless steels. It is capable of withstanding other corrosive environments, including chloride and oxidating media. It can also be a lower a lower-cost alternative when compared with other nickel-base alloys.Marine, Chemical Processing, Oil & Gas, Nuclear Power Generation, Paper and Pulp, Food ProcessingMixing Tanks, Heat Exchangers, Extraction/Distillation Columns, Flue Gas Scrubbers, Pipes, Pumps, Food Processing Equipment, Caustic Chloride Systems, Pulp/Paper Production, Desalination Equipment
1.4529--INCOLOY® 25-6MO AlloyN08926This alloy is a super-austenitic stainless steel, resistant to a wide range of corrosive environments. Additions of molybdenum and nitrogen provide added protection from pitting and crevice corrosion, while copper offers resistance to sulfuric acid conditions. It offers improved performance compared to 316 (1.4401) stainless steel, while remaining a cost-effective alternative to other nickel-based alloy grades.Chemical Processing, Oil & Gas, Nuclear Power Generation, Food Processing, SpringsMarine/Offshore Platform Equipment, Desalination Equipment, Heat Exchangers, Pipes, Paper Processing Equipment, Caustic Chloride Systems, Springs
FERRITICS
1.4512X2CrTi12-409S 40900Ferritic Stainless Steel grade 409 (1.4512) is a titanium stabilised alloy, ideally suited to high temperature applications due its corrosion resistance in these environments. This alloy also offers good mechanical properties and weldability up to 2.5mm thickness.Automotive, TransportCar Exhausts, Rail and Road Vehicles, Transportation Equipment
1.4006X12Cr13-410SS 41008Ferritic Alloy 410s (1.4006) is a non-heat treatable, low carbon version of Stainless Steel grade 410. It offers moderate strength and corrosion resistance. When compared to austenitic grades, this alloy has a higher heat conductivity and a low heat expansion coefficient. It has good formability and is ideally suited to deep drawing applications.Petrochemical Industry, MiningMining Equipment, Petrochemical Equipment, Thermal Process Equipment.
1.4016X6 Cr 17430S17430S 43000This magnetic grade has good formability. It offers good corrosion resistance in moderately aggressive media and good oxidation resistance at elevated temperatures. It is not susceptible to stress cracking corrosion. This alloy is not hardenable through heat treatment.Automotive, Chemical Processing, Etching, Oil and Gas, Electronics, Architectural, Food IndustryAutomotive Trim and Parts, Gaskets, Domestic Appliance Panels, Chemically Etched Components, Paint Brushes, Cooking Utensils, Food Processing Equipment, Fasteners, Lights Bulbs, Hose Clamps, Oil Refinery Components in Acidic Environments, Architectural Features
1.4016X6 Cr 17--Ferritic Grade 430L (1.4016) is the low carbon version of alloy 430, offering moderate corrosion and heat resistance. This magnetic grade is non-hardenable by heat treatment, and good formability.Automotive, Chemical Processing, Architectural, Electronics, Food IndustryAutomotive Parts, Architectural Features, Cooking Utensils, Fasteners, Food Processing, TV Components
1.4510X3CrTi17-430Ti / (439)Availbe on request
1.4113X6CrMo17-1-434S 43400Stainless Steel grade 434 (1.4113) is the most popular choice of the non work hardenable Ferritic grades. This low Carbon Ferritic Stainless Steel has additions of Molybdenum to increase corrosion protection, offering better corrosion resistance compared to 430 (1.4016). It is oxygen and heat resistant up to 816°C (1500°F). Other benefits include excellent polishing characteristics.Automotive, ArchitecturalAutomotive Trim and Parts, Dishwashers and Domestic Appliances, Architectural, Restaurant Equipment, Nitric Acid Plant Equipment, Furnace Combustion Chambers, Oil Refinery Equipment, Roofing and Siding
1.4509X2CrTiNb18-441S 44100Ferritic grade 441 (1.4509) is a magnetic Stainless Steel grade containing niobium. This provides good oxidation and corrosion resistance. This Stainless Steel grade also has good high-temperature strength, with good ductility and weldability, making it ideal for deep drawing and other fabrication applications.Automotive, TransportAutomotive Exhausts, Rail and Road Vehicles, Transportation Equipment
1.4521X2CrMoTi18-2-444S 44400Ferritic grade 444 (1.4521) is a low carbon, low nitrogen, stainless steel that offers superior pitting and crevice corrosion resistance compared with other Ferritic Alloys. When superior corrosion resistance and resistance to chloride stress corrosion cracking is required, this grade provides an ideal solution.Food Processing, AutomotiveFood Processing, Brewery Equipment, Heat Exchangers, Automotive Components
MARTENSITICS
1.4006X12 Cr 13410S21410S 41000This magnetic Martensitic Stainless Steel grade is ideal for applications where strength, hardness and wear resistance is required. It is corrosion resistant in water and steam and offers moderate corrosion resistance overall. It is work hardenable to improve strength and ductility. However, it is not generally considered to be weldable, although it is possible with thin gauge material. 410 (1.4006) is the most commonly used Martensitic Stainless Steel grade.Medical, MechanicalStainless Steel Springs, Valves, Axles, Surgical Instruments, Wear Resistant Surfaces, Micrometre Parts, Compressor Parts, Fasteners, Springs, Pins, Cutlery
1.4028X30 Cr 13420S45420S 42000This Martensitic Stainless Steel grade offers similar corrosion resistance to alloy 410 (1.4006), but with improved hardness and strength. It is particularly useful for applications in which wear and abrasion resistance is important. This alloy also has magnetic properties.Medical, Springs & Pressings, Printing Industry, MechanicalSurgical and Dental instruments, Cutlery, Machine Knives, Scissors, Measuring Tools, Springs, Mechanical Parts, Fasteners
1.4122X39CrMo17-1---Martensitic Stainless Steel grade 1.4122 is the most corrosion resistant of the common Martensitic grades. In moderately corrosive, low chloride containing environments, this alloy can provide good resistance. It also offers medium to high hardness and very good wear resistance and mechanical properties overall.Medical, Food, MechanicalSurgical Instruments, Pumps, Mechanical Parts, Food Processing
PRECIPITATION HARDENING
1.4542X5CrNiCuNb16-4--17-4PH17-4PH (1.4542) is the most commonly used Precipitation Hardening grade of Stainless Steel. This alloy offers good mechanical properties at temperatures up to 316°C (600°F), with a good combination of corrosion resistance and high strength. Its corrosion resistance is very similar to the Austenitic Stainless Steel grade 304. (1.4301), however it is significantly more resistant to stress corrosion cracking. It is susceptible to crevice corrosion in stagnant sea water.Aerospace, Marine, Sport & Leisure, Mechanical, Pulp & Paper Industry, Chemical Processing, Petrochemical, Food processingPump Components, Mechanical Parts, Golf Clubs, Seals, Surgical parts, Aerospace Components, Petrochemical Parts
1.4568X7 Cr Ni Al 17-7301S8163117-7PH17-7 PH (1.4568) is a Stainless Steel alloy which is considered austenitic in the annealed condition, but martensitic in the hardened condition. This alloy offers a combination of high strength and hardness, excellent fatigue properties and minimum distortion upon heat treatment. It has good strength and formability and is comparable to Austenitic Grade 301 (1.4310) . Corrosion resistance is generally higher than the Martensitic Stainless Steels and 17-4PH, but is lower than 304 (1.4301). This grade can be heat treated after forming to further enhance the mechanical properties.Aerospace, Medical, Springs & PressingsBellows, Honeycomb, High Temperature Fasteners, Springs, Diaphragms, Strain Gauges, Clips, Washers, Surgical Parts and Blades
DUPLEX
1.4062--2202S 32202Duplex 2202 (1.4062) is a dual-phase Austenitic-Ferritic Stainless Steel. It offers elevated yield strength, with good resistance to stress corrosion cracking. This alloy offers good mechanical strength and is suitable for cold forming.Pulp & Paper Industry, Water, Food, Construction, Automotive, DesalinationCrash barriers, Desalination Cladding of paper machines, Oil tanks Juice tanks, Automotive Structures
1.4462X2CrNiMoN22–5-3-2205S 32205Duplex grade 2205 (1.4062) is a dual-phase Austenitic-Ferritic Stainless Steel. It is the most widely used Duplex grade, achieving high yield strength while maintaining sufficient ductility. With good weldability and formability, it also offers high design strength, allowing for a reduction in section thickness. The corrosion resistance is comparable to Austenitic grades 304 (1.4301) and 301 (1.4310) demonstrating outstanding resistance to stress-corrosion cracking, crevice, pitting, erosion and general corrosion even in the most severe environments.Automotive, Chemical Processing, Transport, Springs & Pressings, Decorative, Oil and Gas, MarinePulp and Paper Processing, Desalination, Automotive Trim, Offshore Platforms, Oil and Gas Processing Equipment Chemical Processing, Transport applications
1.4362X2CrNiN23–4-2304S 32304Duplex Grade 2304 (1.4362) is a dual-phase Austenitic-Ferritic Stainless Steel with low carbon content. It proves good resistance to corrosion with comparable corrosion resistance to Austenitic grade 316L (1.4404/ 1.4432). However it has superior mechanical properties, offering much higher proof strength compared to both Austenitic Stainless Steels 304 (1.4301) and 316L (1.4404/ 1.4432). It has weight saving benefits in certain applications and is well suited for pressure vessel applications. It can operate in temperatures between -50°C (-58°F) and 300°C (572°F). Other properties include good weldability and good toughness.Automotive, Chemical Processing, Transport, Paper and Pulp, Food ProcessingPulp and Paper Processing, Pressure Vessels, Desalination, Automotive Trim, Chemical Processing, Transport applications
1.4410X2CrNiMoN25–7-4-2507S 32750Duplex 2507 (1.4410) is considered a super duplex grade. As a dual-phase Austenitic-Ferritic Stainless Steel, it provides superior resistance to all corrosion with excellent protection from chloride stress corrosion cracking. It is ideally suited for service in highly corrosive conditions. It also benefits from high thermal conductivity, and a low coefficient of thermal expansion alongside high mechanical strength and good weldability. However, it is not recommended for applications requiring prolonged exposure to temperatures above 299.°C (570 °F) due to a potential reduction in toughness.Automotive, Chemical Processing, Marine, Oil and GasPulp and Paper Processing, Desalination, Automotive Trim, Seawater Systems, Heat Exchangers, Oil and Gas Equipment, Offshore Platforms, Chemical Processing, Vessels, Piping, Desalination
1.4662X2CrNiMoN22–5-3-(LDX) 2404S 82441Duplex Alloy (LDX) 2404 (1.4662) is an Austenitic-Ferritic Stainless Steel with high contents of Chromium and Nitrogen. This alloy offers both high corrosion resistance and a higher mechanical strength when compared to other common Duplex materials. Other properties include good fatigue resistance and good weldability, making it ideal for multiple applications.Automotive, Chemical Processing, Marine, Oil and Gas, Energy, ArchitecturalStructural Components, Piping Systems, Pulp and Paper Processing, Heat Exchangers, Water Treatment and Desalination, Offshore Platforms, Storage Tanks, Pressure vessels
1.4162X2CrMnNiN21–5-1-(LDX) 2101S 32101Duplex Alloy (LDX) 2101 (1.4162) is a low-alloyed, general purpose Austenitic-Ferritic Stainless Steel. It offers good general corrosion resistance, high sulphide and chloride stress corrosion resistance and overall good strength and weldability.Chemical, Water Treatment, Paper & PulpChemical Processing Vessels and Piping, Pulp and Paper Mill Equipment, Water Treatment Tanks

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